Afro-Cuban Dance constrituyen a wonderful example of the culture of resistance of slaves transported from various parts of Africa to Cuba, dances that accompanied the religious rites of these African cultures have become transformed as a result of processes of acculturation, heritage Cuban culture and one of its richest for dance and music in the island sources.
With the arrival in Cuba of about 1.3 million slaves from Africa between 1523 and 1853, the population of Cuba possessed a strong black presence. In the nineteenth century, formed the new Cuban identity, slave culture initially took national characters. So African dances were assimilated and today belong to the cultural wealth of the nation.
Most of these dances come from religious backgrounds lucumíes Yoruba people of Nigeria Western culture, the religion of Regla de Ocha or Santeria worship saints or orishas, syncretized in Cuba with Catholic saints. They will engage in ritual dances accompanying with parties called wemilere that combine religious elements with festive, known as "drum", "bembé", "touch", etc., depending on where the instruments are developed and which are used in the musical part, whether traditional three reel batá (iyá, Okonkolo and itótele) bembé drums, gourds, violins, among others. Also, depending on where the wemilere and the established order of ritual takes place, is called Oru Eya Aranla if done in the living room of the house or Iban Baló, if it is held in the courtyard. Although the Yoruba pantheon is huge, in western Cuba tribute is paid to an almost fixed group of saints which includes about ten or twelve deities, and individualized description would be too long, so only yorubás dances of the saints are presented main....