Danzon is a rhythm and dance created by Cuban composer Miguel Matanzas next Faílde to 1879 and sired by another Cuban dance genre called, a variation of the quadrille. "Typically Cuban Dance, became the archetype of popular music with his characteristic rhythm." Since the early twentieth century has had deep roots in Mexico, also considered part of the popular culture of the country. In Cuba is interpreted most wind instruments, with flute, violins, drums and Cuban percussion.
The first known Danzon, entitled "Las Alturas de Simpson" was heard for the first time on January 1, 1879 at the Liceo de Matanzas. We played a "typical orchestra" wind, which had cornet, trombone piston a figle, two clarinets in DO, two violins, a double bass, two drums and a Creole guiro. This orchestra was directed by Miguel Faílde who was the author.
The pant Faílde consists of three parts of 16 measures, which are called: Introduction, part or clarinet trio trio of metals and dance and when dancers and dance repeats rest part is called "lattice". Played by the "typical orchestra" (above) although years later also played with the orchestra called "French charanga"
Danzon is our national dance, has a unique feature, dance parties with alternate parts break.
Moreover the first ballroom that existed in Cuba was the quadrille this was due to the influence of French, black immigrants from Haiti and French settlers from it emerged danzarias other variations before emptying into the danzón our national dance.